China Leads Asia's Photovoltaic Cooperation to Far-reaching

China Leads Asia's Photovoltaic Cooperation to Far-reaching

Apr 4,2023.

The ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE) and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) organised a virtual webinar promoting dialogue among Governments, development partners and regional and multilateral institutions on the regional and national perspectives for accelerating energy transformation in the ASEAN region on 21st,March 2023. Experts and scholars from China, the Philippines, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Bangladesh spoke freely about "the development potential and challenges of solar energy in Southeast Asia and South Asia".

"We have a clear stance on renewable energy. The goal is to increase its share in the energy mix from the current 21% to 43% by 2030, and solar energy will play a key role in it." Former Philippine Energy Planning Agency (now Alberto Dalusung III, director of the Department of Energy and current energy transition consultant at the Center for Climate and Sustainable Cities, pointed out. Indonesia's solar radiation intensity is also very high, with an average daily radiation of about 4.8 kWh per square-meter. Beyrra Triasdian, manager of the renewable energy project department at TrendAisa, revealed that hydroelectric, solar energy, and geothermal are the three most potential renewable energy sources in Indonesia, but overall, the country's renewable energy potential far exceeds the current deployment quantity. Bangladesh plans to double the share of solar power to 20 percent by 2040, and rooftop solar power is becoming increasingly popular in the country, with many industrial parks keen to develop the project. The country plans to build 100 special economic zones by 2035, half of which will vigorously apply rooftop solar power. Pakistan's average daily solar radiation of 5.3 kilowatt hours per square meter, the country plans to install solar power systems on all government buildings in the country, and from April the federal government building will be the first to rely entirely on solar energy supply. Mirza Hamid Hassan, former secretary of Pakistan's Ministry of hydroelectric and now a senior research consultant at the Institute for Policy Studies, said Pakistan aims to increase the share of renewable energy generation to 50 percent by 2030 from the current 34 percent.

  • Opportunities and Challenges

Shahriar Ahmed Chowdhury, director of the Energy Research Center of the United National University of Bangladesh and chairman of the International Conference on Renewable Energy Technology Development Organization, noted that the area of land suitable for developing solar power plants is limited, and land ownership issues make land acquisition more difficult. In addition, the electricity infrastructure is not developed enough, the power grid has not yet achieved good interconnection, and the development of smart grid is also very slow. Indonesia is also facing challenges in infrastructure and financing.

  • Deepen cooperation for common development

According to the data from China's General Administration of Customs, the import and export ratio of private enterprises reached 50.9% last year, and the import and export to ASEAN trading partners maintained double-digit growth with a growth rate of 27.6%.

Wang Peng, Director of Research Department of International Energy Strategy Research Center of Renmin University of China, pointed out that China continues to lead in hydroelectric, wind power, photovoltaic, energy storage, electric vehicles and other fields, and has strong equipment manufacturing capacity. 80% of the world's photovoltaic power generation equipment, 2/3 of wind power equipment are supplied by China. Establishing a sustainable and profitable PV distribution and storage business model in the ASEAN region can attract more investment. "It's a two-way run to cooperation model." Wang Peng said.

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